Windy Dryden
CBT Resources

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Free Resources for Download

The following articles and essays on various aspects of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy are free for download.

Please make appropriate citations.

Rationality: Whither or wither?1 

I began my career in counselling in the mid-1970s having been trained in what is now known as person centred therapy. At that time, the counselling field in Britain was predominantly humanistic and psychodynamic in orientation. While I resonated with the optimistic nature of person centred theory, I could not make sense of how it was supposed to be practised. So, I looked around for an alternative approach to inform my counselling work. I initially explored psychodynamic therapy... download Rationality: Whither or wither?1 essay


Life's Bitter Pills: Dealing with Difficult Issues in Abuse1 

Sometimes, it is difficult to judge how a paper is going to be received. Thus, I once gave a lecture entitled "Looking for the good in Hitler and acknowledging the bad in Mother Teresa". I anticipated that the lecture would receive a hostile response, but quite the opposite happened. The audience loved it! On another occasion, I gave a lecture entitled "The counsellor as educator" which I thought was quite uncontroversial in content. However, I was lucky to get of the lecture theatre alive.... download Life's Bitter Pills: Dealing with Difficult Issues in Abuse1 essay


REBT 4 Elements Article

There have been many approaches to outline the defining features of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (e.g. Dryden, 2009, Ellis, 1994) but none have done so just by detailing the four elements that comprise the name of the therapy: i) rational; ii) emotive iii) behaviour and iv) therapy. In this article I will show how you can teach trainees about REBT by using this four element approach. As you read the article, please note that I am addressing trainees and students who do not know about the approach or are relatively new to it... download REBT 4 Elements Article now


Some Reflections on Rational Beliefs

In this paper, a number of issues concerning the nature of rational beliefs will be discussed. In particular, a distinction will be made between partial and full rational beliefs which help to explain how people transform rational into irrational beliefs. It will also be argued that while a person cannot hold a full rational belief and its irrational equivalent at the very same time, she (in this case) can change from holding a full rational belief to holding its irrational equivalent and back again in very short order... download Some Reflections on Rational Beliefs essay


Structured Disputing of Irrational Beliefs

Until recently, there has been little written in the non textbook REBT literature on disputing irrational beliefs. This is surprising since disputing is such a central part of the REBT process. The notable exceptions to this neglect are DiGiuseppe's (1991) important chapter where he broke down disputing into its component parts and Beal et al's (1996) article applying DiGiuesppe's schema to a single irrational belief... download Structured Disputing of Irrational Beliefs essay


The Examined Life: A Rational Emotive Behavioural Perspective

Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) is generally regarded as an approach to counselling and psychotherapy firmly rooted in the cognitive-behavioural tradition. This foundation, however, does not exhaust the features of this approach to therapy. In the first edition of his pioneering book, “Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy”, Ellis (1962) outlines the psychological and philosophical influences on the development of his thought. In these passages it emerges that the youthful Ellis was passionately interested in the practical applications of philosophy. He cites Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius and Bertrand Russell as being particularly influential in this respect... download The Examined Life: A Rational Emotive Behavioural Perspective essay